PASSIVE VOICE

Bentuk pasif dari tense aktif dibentuk dengan cara meletakan kata kerja “ to be” pada tense yang sama dan menambahkan bentuk ketiga kata kerja aktif,tersebut.Subjek dari kata kerja aktif menjadi pelaku dari kata kerja pasif.Pelaku itu sering tidak disebutkan,dan apabila disebutkan didahului dengan “by” dan diletakan pada akhir clause.

Sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa Passive Voice memiliki ciri-ciri sebagai berikut:
1.Kalimat passive biasanya to be + V3
2.Dan disertai dengan “by”

Rumus

Nama Tense
Active Form
Passive Form
Simple Present Tense
S + V1/es/s
S + to be + V3
To be : is,am,are.
Simple Past Tense
S + V2
S + to be + V3
To be : was,were
Present Perfect Tense
S + has/have +V3
S + has/have + been +V3
Past Perfect Tense
S + had + V3
S + had +been +V3
Future Tense
S + will/shall + V1
S + will + be +V3
Future Perfect Tense
S + will +have + V3
S + will +have +been + V3
Present Continuous
S + to be +Ving
To be : is,am,are
S + to be + being + V3
To be : is,am,are
Past Continuous
S + to be +Ving
To be : was,were
S + to be + being + V3
To be : was,were
Present Perfect Continuous Tense
S + has/have +been +Ving
S + has/have + been +being +V3
Past Perfect Continuous Tense
S + had +been +Ving
S + had + been +being +V3
Future Continuous Tense
S + will + be +Ving
S + will + be +been +being +V3
Future Perfect Continuous Tense
S + will + have +been +being +V3
S + will + have +been +being +V3

Contoh kalimat

Nama Tense
Active Form
Passive Form

Simple Present Tense

(+) The teacher corrects our homework
(-)The teacher doesn’t correct our homework
(?)Does The teacher correct our homework?

(+)Our homework is corrected by The teacher
(-)Our homework isn’t corrected by The teacher
(?)Is Our homework corrected by The teacher?

Simple Past Tense

(+)We watched TV last night

(-)We didn’t watch TV last night

(?)Did We watch TV last night?

(+)TV was watched by us last night
(-)TV wasn’t watched by us last night
(?)Was TV watched by us last night?

Present Perfect Tense

(+)The children have visited the museum
(-)The children haven’t visited the museum
(?)have The children visited the museum?

(+)The museum has been visited by the children
(-)The museum hasn’t been visited by the children
(?)has The museum been visited by the children?

Past Perfect Tense
(+)Pretty had eaten the cake

(-)Pretty had not eaten the cake

(?)had Pretty eaten the cake?

(+)The cake had been eaten by pretty or her
(-)The cake had not been eaten by pretty or her
(?)had The cake been eaten by pretty or her?

Future Tense
(+)John will mail the letter

(-)John will not mail the letter

(?)will John mail the letter?

(+)The letter will be mailed by john or his
(-)The letter will not be mailed by john or his
(?)will The letter be mailed by john or his?

Future Perfect Tense

(+)he will have bought a new car

(-)he will not have bought a new car
(?)will he have bought a new car?
(+)the new car will have been bought by him
(-)the new car will not have been bought by him
(?)will the new car have been bought by him?

Present Continuous

(+)Saras is typing some letter

(-)Saras is not typing some letter

(?)is Saras typing some letter?
(+)Some letter is being typed by her
(-)Some letter is not being typed by her
(?)is Some letter being typed by her?

Past Continuous

(+)Dini was building a new hospital
(-)Dini was not building a new hospital
(?)was Dini building a new hospital?
(+)a new hospital was being built by Dini or her
(-)a new hospital was not being built by Dini or her
(?)was a new hospital being built by Dini or her?

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

(+)They have been building our house
(-)They haven’t been building our house
(?)have They been building our house?
(+)Our house have been being built by us
(-)Our house have not been being built by us
(?)have Our house been being built by us?

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

(+)Sinta had been watering the flowers
(-)Sinta had not been watering the flowers
(?)had Sinta been watering the flowers?

(+)The Flowers had been being watered by her
(-)The Flowers had not been being watered by her
(?)had The Flowers been being watered by her?

Future Continuous Tense

(+)Rossi will be reading a magazine
(-)Rossi will not be reading a magazine

(?)will Rossi be reading a magazine?

(+)a magazine will be being read by her or rossi
(-)a magazine will not be being read by her or rossi

(?)will a magazine be being read by her or rossi?

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

(+)luki will have been selling his car
(-)luki will not have been selling his car
(?)will luki have been selling his car?

(+)his car will have been being sold by luki or her
(-)his car will not have been being sold by luki or her
(?)will his car have been being sold by luki or her?

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